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Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

JEBI Template


Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Submission Fee

There are no submission fees.

Title Page

The title (cover) page must contain the following information:
– The title of the manuscript,
– The name and academic titles of the author(s),
– ORCID iD of the author(s),
– Institutional affiliation(s) of the author(s),
– Full contact information of the author(s) (address, phone, e-mail, etc.),
– Type of article (Research, Review, Case Study, …etc.),
– Any acknowledgments the authors care to make.

The manuscript title should be written in bold (first letters in capital letters) and in the center of the page. Also, the name and contact information (address, phone numbers, e-mail, etc.) of the author(s) should be written at the center of the page.

When the authors include more than one researcher, a person responsible for correspondence with the Editorial Board of the Journal should be indicated. If the corresponding author is not indicated, the Editorial Board will contact the author who submitted the manuscript to the Journal.

All manuscript submissions must provide a similarity report (up to 15% excluding quotes, bibliography, abstract and method).

The title page should be saved separately from the blinded manuscript and uploaded to the system as a separate file.

Blinded Manuscript

JEBI Template

The manuscript file includes the parts of the study. No author’s details should be present within this file. A manuscript submitted to the Journal should include the following parts:
– Title,
– Abstract and keywords,
– Introduction,
– Main text,
– Conclusions,
– Endnotes (if there is any),
– References and
– Appendices (if there is any).

Writing Style and Page Layout

Manuscripts submitted to Journal of Economics and Business Issues (JEBI) should be written in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) format. Only when your paper is at the revision stage, will you be requested to put your paper in to a 'correct format' for acceptance and provide the items required for the publication of your article. If you want, you can save time if you submit your article according to the "JEBI Template" above.


The total length of any manuscript submitted for publication should not exceed 10,000 words, including appendices and references. However, longer papers can be taken into the evaluation process if Editor and/or Editorial Board approve.

Title of the Manuscript

The main heading of the manuscript should be suitable for the content and it should consist of 15 words at the most. The manuscript title should be written in bold. 

Abstract and Keywords

The manuscript should include an abstract in English at the beginning of the article. The abstracts should concisely present the aim or the purpose of the study, the methodology, the results, and the conclusion remarks. The length of the abstract should be minimum 150 words and maximum 200 words. References are not cited within the structured English abstract, and the abstract must not contain abbreviations. Up to Five (5) keywords that are important and relevant to your manuscript should be written in English.

Main Text and Section Headings

The main text should be in Microsoft Times New Roman. The whole main text should be justified. Paragraph spacing before and after a single paragraph (6 nk) should be given.  Headings and sub-headings of the manuscript should be numbered as 1., 1.1., 1.1.1. in hierarchical numbers. The headings should be partitioned not more than 3 levels. The sub-heading after level 3 should be written in italic and bold. The headings should be numbered beginning from the Introduction, without the exception of References. All heading should be written bold, but only the first letters should be capitalized. 

Tables and Figures

Manuscripts should be uploaded main text with figures and tables provided as separate files. The main text file and tables should be submitted in Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx). Figures should be submitted in PDF file format (.pdf)

Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, as Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, Figure 2 The titles of the tables and figures should be placed at the heading of the table or figures, and references belonging to table or figure should be under them. 

Mathematical Notations and Equations

Mathematical equations in the text should be centered. Equations should be numbered consecutively, and equation numbers should appear in parentheses at the right margin. Between an equation and text, there should be an interval of (6 nk).


Citations in the text should be made using the link method according to the APA (American Psychological Association) citation style. In-text citations, the author’s last name, date of the publication, the number of the quoted pages (if there is a specific quote from a source used) should be mentioned. If the name of the referred author is given within the text, then only the publication date should be written. If there are more than two authors, the surname of the first author only should be given, followed by “et al.When an author has published more than one cited document in the same year, these are distinguished by adding lower case letters (a,b,c, etc.) after the year and within the parentheses. For multiple references, the citations should be ordered chronologically and separated with semicolons.

Examples of Citations in the Text

Approximately 40% of the trade between the EU and the US is between parent companies and foreign subsidiaries (Stewart, 1993).

There are three strategic objectives of international transfer pricing (Hoshower & Mandel, 1986: 53)

Hoshower and Mandel (1986: 53) stated that there were three strategic objectives of international transfer pricing.

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) shows no statistically meaningful relationship between systematic risk (beta) and returns (Fama & French, 1996a, 1996b).

Anderson et al. (1994) found that highly satisfied customers were willing to pay premium prices.

The results of prior studies have confirmed the hypothesis that high job satisfaction is associated with low burnout (Dolan, 1987; Rocca & Konstanski, 2001; Sobreques et al., 2003).

Footnotes and Endnotes

Explanations in the main text should be given at the end of the article before the references section, and they should be written in order.


The list of references should be presented in alphabetical order at the end of the manuscript. Each citation in the text should be listed in the References section, and references that are not cited in the text should not be written in the References section. If the author referred to more than one publication from the same source, the oldest publication should be listed first. If the author referred to more than one publication from the same source published in the same year, the publications should be numbered using the letters a,b,c…, as citation in the text. If one author’s several publications, some with one with two or more authors, are referred to, the publications with one author should be written first. Page numbers of articles published in the journals and chapters in the edited books should be written.

Examples of reference formats are shown below.


Yurdakul, F. (2008). Türkiye’de kayıtdısı ekonomi: Bir model denemesi. Ankara Üniversitesi SBF Dergisi, 63(4), 205-221.

Hoshower, L. B., & Mandel, L. (1986). Transfer pricing policies of US-based multinationals. The International Journal of Accounting, 22(1), 51-59.

Fama, E., & French, K. (1996a). Multifactor explanations of asset pricing anomalies. Journal of Finance, 51, 55-84.

Fama, E., & French, K. (1996b). The CAPM is wanted, dead or alive. Journal of Finance, 54, 1947-1958.

Anderson, E.W., Fornell, C., & Lehmann, D.R. (1994). Customer satisfaction, market share, and profitability: Findings from Sweden. Journal of Marketing, 58(3), 53–66.

BiliciM., Mete, F., Soylu C., Bekaroglu, M., & Kavakci, O. (1998). Bir grup akademisyende depresyon ve tukenme duzeyleri. Journal of Turkish Psychiatry, 9(3), 181-189.

Sobreques, J., Cebria, J., Segura, J., Rodriguez, C., Garcia, M., & Juncosa, S. (2003). Job satisfaction and burnout in general practitioners. Aten Primaria, 31(4), 227-33.


Seyidoglu, H. (2001). Uluslararası finans (3rd ed.) İstanbul: Guzem Yayınları.

Alpugan, O., Demir, H., Oktav, M., & Uner, N. (1995). İsletme ekonomisi ve yonetimi. İstanbul: Beta Yayınları.

Gujarati, D. (2006). Temel ekonometri. (U. Senesen & G. G. Senesen, Trans.). İstanbul: Literatur Yayınları.

Dayananda, D., Irons, R., Harrison, S., Herbohn, J., & Rowland, P. (2002). Capital budgeting: Financial appraisal of investment projects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Blank, L., & Tarquin, A. (2002). Engineering economy. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Edited Books

Ceylan, A. (2006). Belirsizlik kosulları altında sermaye butcelemesi. N. Aydın (Ed.), Finansal Yönetim (pp. 189-204). Eskisehir: AOF Yayınları.

Modigliani, F., & Miller, M. (1998). Sermayenin maliyeti, sirket finansmanı ve yatırım teorisi. (S. Soydemir, Trans.) C. Erol (Ed.), Finans Teorisinin Temel Makaleleri (pp. 165-204). İstanbul: SPK Yayınları.

Beumee, J. G. B., Hilberink, B., Patel, S., & Walsh, P. (1999). Hedging derivative credit risk. In L. Donaldson (Ed.), Derivative credit risk (pp. 185-196). Great Britain: Risk Books.

Internet Sources

Mun, J. (2006). Real options and Monte Carlo simulation versus traditional DCF valuation in Layman’s term. Retrieved April 10, 2006, from

Internet stocks: Valuations and trading strategy (2000). Retrieved March 25, 2006, from

Müderrisoğlu, O. (2006, 21 Ağustos). Anadolu yaklaşımı 70 bin KOBİ’ye hayat verecek. Sabah Gazetesi. Retrieved October 20, 2007, from

Computer and Internet Security. (2000). Retrieved March 24, 2002, from

Other Sources

Türkiye Bankalar Birliği (2007, Mayıs). Küçük ve orta büyüklükteki işletmelerin mali sektöre olan borçlarının yeniden yapılandırılması programı bilgilendirme notu.

DPT (2000). İklim değişikliği özel ihtisas komisyonu raporu. Sekizinci beş yıllık kalkınma planı, Ankara.

Sudarsanam, S., Sorwar, G., & Marr, B. (2003, October). Valuation of intellectual capital and real option models. PMA Intellectual Capital Symposium.

Yılmaz, B. (2003). Turkey’s competitiveness in the European Union: A Comparison with five candidate countries – Bulgaria, The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and the EU15. Ezoneplus Working Paper No. 12.


Peer Review Process

The aim of the peer review process is to ensure that high-quality and original scientific studies are published. All articles published in the Journal of Economics and Business Issue (JEBI) are peer-reviewed and all manuscripts submitted follow the procedure outlined below.

Initial Manuscript Evaluation

All manuscripts submitted for publication consideration in JEBI are first evaluated by the Editor and Editorial Board. Manuscripts which fall outside the aims and scope of the journal or fail to meet the requirements of a scientific study will either be rejected at this initial point or returned to the author for revision. Manuscripts are never accepted by the editor without a referee report, at this early stage.

Plagiarism Checking

Manuscripts that pass the initial evaluation stage are subjected to a similarity/plagiarism scanning by using a plagiarism screening program, or the authors are asked to conduct this plagiarism scanning and forward the plagiarism report to JEBI. Any manuscript with a similarity percentage (excluding references) greater than 20% will be rejected. Manuscripts that pass the initial evaluation stage and have a similarity rate below 20% proceed to the referee process (preferred rate is below 15% excluding quotes, bibliography, abstract and method). The plagiarism report is not sent to the referees unless the referees request it.

Policy of Peer Review

JEBI employs double-blind reviewing, where both the referee and author remain anonymous throughout the process.

Referee Evaluation

Manuscripts are sent to at least two referees assigned by the editor and/or editorial board. If necessary, the number of referees may be increased by the Editor or Editorial Board. The referees are chosen randomly according to their expertise.

Referees are asked to evaluate the manuscript’s originality, methodology, contribution to the literature, presentation of results and support for the conclusions, and appropriate referencing of previous relevant studies. Referees may either recommend accepting the manuscript, rejecting the manuscript or may require a revision for style and/or content. For a manuscript to be accepted for publication, two positive reports are required. In case one referee report is negative while the other is positive, the manuscript is forwarded to a third referee for additional evaluation.

When a revision is required by the referee or referees, the author(s) are to consider the criticisms and suggestions offered by the referees, and a revised manuscript should be submitted within 60 days. If the revised manuscript is not submitted in this time frame, the manuscript will be removed from the referee evaluation process. Referees may request more than one revision of a manuscript.

Final Evaluation

After favorable opinions of referees, the Editor or Editorial Board makes the final publication decision. Manuscripts accepted for publication by the Editor/Editorial Board are placed in an issue sequence. Manuscripts that are rejected are not returned to the authors.


As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with the author instructions.

There are no submission fees, publication fees or page charges for this Journal (Journal of Economics and Business Issues; JEBI).

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